There are many other common disorders that may affect speech.
- Apraxia is a disorder of brain function characterized by the inability to perform learned movements on command, even though the command is understood and there is a willingness to perform the movement. Aphasia is impairment of the ability to speak and write. The patient understands written and spoken words but has difficulty uttering the words.
- Dysphasia is impairment of speech consisting in lack of coordination and failure to arrange words in their proper order. Stuttering or stammering is a speech disorder characterized by repeating the first sound of a word, such as “p-p-p-p-puppy”, saying a letter sound for a long time, such as “sssssssoap”, or speaking in choppy sentences, making many distracting facial movements during speech, or doing meaningless things with arms and legs (such as tapping fingers or slapping a leg) while talking.
- Hearing loss may also cause speech and language delays. Hearing screenings are a routine part of each initial speech-language evaluation. When an evaluation indicates that a patient may have a hearing problem a comprehensive Hearing Evaluation is then provided by THERAPY 2000 within two weeks. The audiologist on staff with THERAPY 2000 communicates closely with the speech therapists to ensure coordination of both hearing and speech treatment approaches for each patient. There are many tests to measure speech and language development in children. If a delay is found, speech-language therapy usually is recommended.
In addition, speech-language pathologists also work with children who have feeding, swallowing or other oral motor problems. Good feeding and swallowing skills increase a child’s ability to receive adequate nutrition and hydration for good growth and development. In addition, these skills help prevent a child from having pneumonia due to poor swallowing skills. THERAPY 2000 has many therapist trained in Vital-Stim therapy for patients suffering with difficulty swallowing or dysphagia.
Speech language therapy for children can help to improve:
Receptive/Expressive Language Skills
Neurological disorders (Cerebral Palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke)
Non-verbal and verbal communication skills
Oral motor skills
Augmentative/Alternative Communication Methods
Voice Disorders, Hoarseness, Vocal Abuse, Vocal Nodules
Fluency Disorders, stuttering, cluttering
Pragmatics, Social behavior
Communication for children with Hearing Impairment, cochlear implant